Job Demands and Strain-Based Conflict among Nurses of Public Hospitals in Nigeria

Job Demands and Strain-Based Conflict among Nurses of Public Hospitals in Nigeria

Author(s) by Emenike Uchechukwu C., Omoankhanlen Joseph Akhigbe
Pages 407-419
Keywords Work hours, work schedule, work overload, overtime work, flexible work schedule, role overload, double shift
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Abstract


Nurses of public hospitals in Nigeria, while carrying out their role functions are consistently faced with high job demands placing great claim on nurse’s energy and time. In the course of carrying out a role function, nurses experience interference of demands on another role function, hence resulting to strain-based conflict. The study explores the degree of relationship between job demands and strain-based conflict. Job demands focused in this study includes work hour, work overload, work schedule and overtime work. Data were obtained from 291 registered nurses in public hospitals in Rivers State. The purposive sampling technique which is based on the researcher’s subjective judgment and the cross sectional design which takes a cross section of the population at one time where employed in this study. Hypotheses was tested with a non-parametric statistical technique of Spearman Rank Correlation analysis calculated with the use of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 21.0 Revealed from the findings is the existence of a of a relationship between to job demands and strain-based conflict. Work overload is found to be the major influence of strain-based conflict. Hence to reduce job demands and strain-based conflict, there is need for the provision of standard work hour, a measurable control over work schedules, development of organizational skills and reduction and monitoring of daily work load. The study concentrated only on four notable public hospitals, this however cannot be generalized effectively to other public hospitals. The possibility of job demands to result to strain-based conflict thus cannot be undermined and should be taken into cognizance by organization.

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