Welfare, Occupational Stress and Burnout as Predictors of Organisational Commitment of Junior Nigerian Police Officers in Ibadan

Welfare, Occupational Stress and Burnout as Predictors of Organisational Commitment of Junior Nigerian Police Officers in Ibadan

Author(s) by Abel. O. Adigun, Ojaga Emmanuel Okoiye, Edwin Chika Ohizu
Pages 313-324
Keywords Police, Officer, Welfare, Occupational stress, Burnout, Organisational commitment, Ibadan, Nigeria
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Abstract


Police officers commitment to their constitutional responsibilities is of foremost importance to the Nigerian society. However, presently the Nigerian society is besieged by security challenges of diverse nomenclatures. Therefore, this study adopted a descriptive survey research design of ex-post factor type. Simple random sampling technique was used to select two hundred junior police officers at the Ibadan Police Command. Four instruments used were: Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) (α= .87.75.79); Employee Welfare Scale (α= 0.78); Weiman Occupational Stress Scale: (α= 0.90); and Maslach Burnout Inventory: (α= 0.83, 0.84).Three research questions were answered and three hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression. There was significant relationship between the independent variables and the dependent variable in order of magnitude: welfare (r = 0.986, P < 0.05); occupational stress (r = 0.643, P < 0.05); burnout (r = 0.627, P < 0.05). Also, the independent variables made a joint contributive effect of 97.3% on the dependent variable. Likewise, occupational stress contributed most to the prediction on organizational commitment of junior Nigerian Police officers (β = 0.973, t = 67.524, P < 0.05) followed by welfare (β = 0.528, t = 20.710, P < 0.05) and burnout (β = 0.301, t = 5.000, P < 0.05). However, it was recommended that attention should be given to the promotion of professionalism, resourcefulness and creativity among officers of the Nigerian Police to ensure security and peaceful co-existence of the Nigerian populace.

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