Does Gender Matter in Migration: An Analysis of the Characteristics of Internal Migration in to Lusaka Province, Zambia

Does Gender Matter in Migration: An Analysis of the Characteristics of Internal Migration in to Lusaka Province, Zambia

Author(s) by Kusanthan Thankian
Pages 29-35
Keywords Gender Inequality, Internal Migration, Lusaka
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Abstract


This paper attempts to analyze the characteristic of internal migration from a gender perspective in Lusaka province. Secondary data (2010 census data) from Central Statistical Office was collected to analyze internal migration of the population within Lusaka Province. The study found out that out of the total migrant population to Lusaka Province, 40% and 42% were males and females from the total population, respectively. Type of movement revealed that of the total female migrant population enumerated in 2010, gender wise statistics represents 51% and 49% being female and male moved to Lusaka Province, respectively. Migrant population migrated to Lusaka Province in search of employment indicated that there is a wide gender gap in the percentage of workers between males and females. 72% of males migrants were either an employer or an employee compared to females (28%). The data further reveals 58% of males are self employed compared to females (42%). Less than 57% of females in both urban rural falls under unpaid family worker. Education attainment results indicated that there were 60% of males 40% of females from the migrant population with tertiary education attainment. 29% and 71% of male and female migrant have never attended school. These indicate that there is a huge gender gap among the attendees of school and those who attend tertiary education. Base on the findings in this paper, it is therefore imperative that the Government should enhance the girl child education at all levels. More strategies should be formulated that enhance women empowerment in self employment. Given the current development and growth of urbanization, increasing regional disparities, it is likely that migration to urban area will accentuate more in future due to the changing nature of the economy. Hence, an enquiry into the changing pattern of migration is critical to explore the emerging issues, identify the challenges and main precedence required at policy level for urban development. At policy level the major challenge is to formulate migration policies which must be linked with employment and social services, to enhance.

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